“[t]he surrealists rose up from their writing desks to find out whether it was still possible to have experiences. They thereby opened themselves up to the problematic constellation that arrived with bourgeois society with the expressed intention to solve it, not through thinking but in reality. The constellation is the following: the bourgeois individual who presents himself as an autonomous, self-responsible subject experiences the society into which [they were] born as a world that inhibits everywhere his possibilities for actualisation and that simultaneously is the result of human activity and thus his own activity. Where the solace of a better world beyond slips away, only art remains to close the gap and to reconcile the subject with the world. The symbolic artwork uniquely joins form and matter, subject and object, to a completed image at the cost of separating the sphere of art from the cultural battles of [the individual] and the world. The surrealists are not satisfied with this solution.”

— Peter Bürger, “Inversions,” in Peter Bürger, The Thinking of the Master: Bataille Between Hegel and Surrealism, trans. Richard Block (Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 2002), p.107.

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